Structured Cabling System is referred to as campus communication cabling infrastructure consisting of smaller elements called sub-systems (hence structured). These sub-systems include work area, horizontal cabling, backbone cabling and equipment rooms.
The design of structured cabling is governed by set of EIA/TIA standards that define the cable laying, termination, labelling and patching to make it an end to end passive network.
The structured cabling components include Copper and fiber cables, RJ45 connectors, fiber connectors, copper/fiber patch panels, copper/fiber patch cords, work area outlets and racks. The horizontal cabling commonly utilizes the Cat 6 UTP cabling standard. The backbone cabling utilizes the fiber cables (Multimode or Single mode)
The Structured Cabling distribution includes Main Distribution Frame (MDF), Intermediate Distribution Frame (IDF) & Telco Equipment Room (TER).
Conventionally the Structured Cabling was used for data and voice cabling but with the emergence of converged solutions, various other systems components like CCTV, Access Control, Wireless, PABX, PA etc. are all integrated on a single platform for ease of manageability. However this increases the cost but it provides the advantage of central administration. All systems are supported by a fiber backbone, which forms the part of the structured cabling system.